May 11, 1946 saw the formation of UMNO or United Malays National Organisation. It was agreed by leaders and representatives of 29 Malay organisations during the second Malay Congress at Istana Besar, Johor Baharu. The congress was initiated by Datuk Onn Jaafar, founding father of UMNO.
The Malay Congress was held to unite Malay organisations to oppose the English idea of a Malayan Union.
The 29 organisations: Seberkas (Kedah), Kesatuan Melayu Kedah, Kesatuan Melayu Singapura, Persatuan Melayu Pahang, Persatuan Melayu Semenanjung Melaka, Kesatuan Melayu Pulau Pinang, Persatuan Melayu Seberang Perai, Persekutuan Persetiaan Melayu Kelantan, Persatuan Melayu Perlis, Persekutuan Melayu Negeri Sembilan, Perikatan Melayu Perak, Persatuan Melayu Perak, Persetiaan Muslim Teluk Anson (Perak), Persatuan Melayu Chendering (Perak), Persekutuan Muhibbah Malim Nawar (Perak), Parti Kebangsaan Melayu Malaya, Pergerakan Melayu Semenanjung Johor, Persatuan Melayu Keluang (Johor), Persatuan Melayu Selangor, Pergerakan Kebangsaan Melayu Selangor, Ikatan Setia Kampung Bharu (Selangor), Persatuan Peranakan Club (Selangor), Dewan Perniagaan Melayu Selangor, Persatuan Penghulu-Penghulu Selangor, Darul Ehsan Club, Jeram (Selangor), Persatuan Kaum Ibu Selangor, Persekutuan Bawean Selangor, Persekutuan Melayu Ulu Selangor and Persekutuan Melayu Daerah Sabak Bernam (Selangor).
The Congress was officiated by the Tengku Mahkota of Johor (Tengku Ismail). The first Malay Congress was held at the Sultan Sulaiman Club, Kampung Bharu, Kuala Lumpur (March 1-4, 1946). At the first congress, it was agreed to form a united Malay political organisation to fight against the formation of the Malayan Union and to lead the struggle for independence.
At the second Congress in Johor Baharu, Datuk Onn was unanimously elected president of UMNO and the rest is history.
But, sad to say that most leaders today were in politics for personal interests and financial benefits. Corruption, money politics, government projects and tenders were orders of the day.
The Spirit of 11 May, 1946 was buried deep in the ground.